Management by Objectives (MBO) is a goal-based management system that uses quantifiable standards or objectives to measure the performance of a company and its employees. By comparing actual productivity to a given set of standards, managers can identify problem areas and improve efficiency. Goal-based management uses the company's main objectives to determine employee objectives, allowing all members of the company to see how their tasks relate to the company's main objectives and priorities. Effective execution of this management model requires constant communication between employees and managers.
Management has a keen interest in improving and enriching the skills of employees and provides many opportunities for these trainings to take place. This initial step in the MBO process cycle is critical because it helps determine desired outcomes and guides managers in creating new reasonable goals. Managers should also consider setting achievable goals within the established time frame when setting new goals. This will be an individual discussion in which subordinates will inform managers about their objectives and what objectives they can achieve in a specific time and with what resources.
For example, managers can evaluate performance to measure various parameters by answering the following questions. The functions of these managers can be centralized by appointing a project manager who can monitor and control the activities of the various departments. Reliable management information systems are needed to set relevant objectives and monitor their outreach relationship objectively. Peter Drucker first used the term management by objectives in his 1954 book The Practice of Management.
Once employees are informed of the overall objectives, plan, and strategies to follow, managers can begin working with their subordinates to establish their personal goals. The management of the IT company Hewlett-Packard (HP) has said that it considers politics a fundamental component of its success. Management by objectives defines the roles and responsibilities of employees and helps them define their future course of action in the organization. To set relevant goals, managers should review the company's overall objectives, mission and vision statement, and core values.
Additionally, they should consider setting achievable goals within the established time frame when setting new goals. By using MBO, companies can ensure that all members are working towards common goals, which can dramatically increase productivity. This system also allows for better communication between employees and managers, as well as improved performance evaluation. With reliable management information systems in place, companies can set relevant objectives and monitor their outreach relationship objectively.
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