Management by Objectives (MBO) is a strategic approach to improving an organization's performance. It is a process in which the objectives of the organization are defined and transmitted by management to the members of the organization with the intention of achieving each objective. This systematic and organized approach allows management to focus on achievable objectives and achieve the best possible results from available resources. Once employees are informed of the overall objectives, plan, and strategies to follow, managers can begin working with their subordinates to establish their personal goals.
Organizational objectives are strategic objectives that a company's management sets to delineate anticipated results and guide staff efforts. This will be an individual discussion in which subordinates will inform managers about their objectives and what objectives they can achieve in a specific time and with what resources. While the goal-based management approach is necessary to increase the effectiveness of managers, it is equally essential to monitor the performance and progress of every employee in the organization. Emphasis is placed on personal growth and development, rather than negativity from not achieving goals.
Under the MBO framework, performance evaluation is achieved through the participation of interested managers. Management by objectives (also known as management by planning) is the establishment of a management information system (MIS) to compare actual performance and achievements with defined objectives. Management by Objectives defines the roles and responsibilities of employees and helps them find their future course of action in the organization. It provides organizations with a process, and many professionals claim that MBO success depends on the support of senior management, clearly defined objectives, and trained managers who can implement it.
Ongoing feedback is complemented by frequent formal evaluation meetings where superiors and subordinates can discuss progress toward goals, leading to greater feedback. In Exception Management (MBE), management only addresses instances where objectives or standards are violated. In order for MBO to be successful, it is important to be aware of your drawbacks, customize the plan according to your organization, and ensure that everyone is in full agreement and that the objectives are clear and reasonable before starting. With this comprehensive guide to Management by Objectives (MBO), you can ensure that your organization is able to maximize its performance.